Second Generation Computer History

Computer history

The first generation has been completed is discussed in a previous post, it is time to discuss the
Computer history

second generation. In 1948, the invention of the transistor is very influential on the development of computers that period. Transistors replaced vacuum tubes in television, radio, and computers. thus resulting, changing the size of electronic machinery which had been sized to a smaller size.

The transistor used in computer technology began in 1956. In other findings in the form of development-magnetic core memory to help the development of second generation computers smaller, faster, more reliable, and more energy efficient than its predecessors before. The first machine that can take advantage of this new technology is a supercomputer. IBM created a supercomputer named Stretch, and Sprery-Rand makes a computer named LARC. This computer, which was developed for atomic energy laboratories, could handle large amounts of data, a capability that is needed by researchers atoms. LARC computer machines were very expensive and tend to be too complex for business computing needs, so that his popularity is limited. There are only two LARC has ever installed and used, namely one at the Lawrence Radiation Labs in Livermore, California, and the other in the U.S. Navy Research and Development Center in Washington DC This second-generation computers replaced machine language with assembly language. Assembly language is a language that uses abbreviations-singakatan to replace the binary code.

then in the early 1960s, began popping up a successful second generation computers in business, in universities and in government. The second generation of computers is an entirely computer has been using transistors. They also have components that can be associated with the computer at this time: a printer, storage on disks, memory, operating systems and programs.

as one important example on the computer was the IBM 1401 is widely accepted in the industry. In 1965, almost all large businesses use the second generation of computers as a tool to process financial information company.

Programs stored in computers and programming language that is in it gives flexibility to the computer. This flexibility to improve computer performance at a reasonable price for the use of computers for business. With this concept, the computer can print invoices and then run the consumer purchases the product design or calculate payroll. Some programming languages began to appear at that time. Programming language Common Business-Oriented Language COBOL and abbreviated abbreviated FORTRAN Formula Translator, has came into common use. This programming language replaces complicated machine code with words, sentences, and math formulas more easily understood by humans. This facilitates a person to program and manage the computer. then came new types of careers in fields such as computer programmers, analysts, computer technicians and others. Even the software industry also began to emerge and flourish in the second generation of this computer.

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